Strong as Grass: A Year After a Devastating Tornado, the Caddo Nation Rebuilds in East Texas

caddo mounds tornado damagePhil Cross was ten or twelve years old when he first heard his elders reminisce about the grass houses their people used to live in. Cross was transfixed. The old structures looked sort of like beehives, he was told. Fashioned from thatched switchgrass and pine poles, they were surprisingly spacious, a proud symbol of Caddo prosperity. One such structure, built a thousand years ago on the grounds of what is now Caddo Mounds State Historic Site in East Texas, was two thousand square feet and stood perhaps forty feet high. “It would have been magnificent,” Cross said. Grass houses sheltered the Caddo people for well over a millennium. By Cross’s childhood in the forties and early fifties, however, decades had passed since anyone lived in…View Original Post

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Source: Texas Monthly